... Government of Massachusetts in which government and religion was tied closely together (theocracy) John Winthrop. Georgia had always been sort of a "melting pot" of religion. In 1689, the English Parliament passed The Tolerant Act, which stopped corporal punishment for dissenters, such as cropping the ears of Quakers or publicly whipping Baptists. Days of Thanksgiving and Days of Fasting and Humiliation were religious days where the puritans would spend all day fasting and praying, usually due to a problem or conflict they were facing at the time. Surrender of the Patent of Plymouth Colony to the Freeman, 1640. They were a part of the Puritan movement which began in the 16th century with the goal to “purify” the Church of England of its corrupt doctrine and practices. Anyone who did not agree with or follow the Puritan lifestyle, be it religious or political, was driven out, often violently. Roger Williams, a man godly and zealous, having many precious parts but very unsettled in judgement…He this year [1633] began to fall into some strange opinions, and from opinion to practice, which caused some controversy between the church and him. Native Americans occupied Massachusetts long before British colonists arrived, and each group held its own beliefs, but colonists pushed to convert their neighbors to Christianity. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Massachusetts (officially called a commonwealth) is known for being the … This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature.” A ll colonies were predominantly Christian. For this same reason, they also rejected hymns, the recitation of the Lord’s Prayer and creeds. The popular history book, Saints and Strangers by George Wilson, famously nicknamed these two groups of people as saints and strangers. Charter of Massachusetts Bay, 1629. The image of Puritan Massachusetts persists, but it’s not entirely accurate. Both the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony reacted strongly to the influx of Quakers to their colonies in the 1650s and 1660s. 10 terms. First governor of Massachusetts. Sabbath services were held twice on Sunday, from 9am to noon and from 2pm to 5pm, and sermons were often given on Thursdays and when Days of Thanksgiving or Days of Fasting and Humiliation were proclaimed. “Religious Controversies in Plymouth Colony.” Pilgrim Hall Museum, www.pilgrimhallmuseum.org/pdf/Religious_Controversies_Plymouth_Colony.pdf. A number of people in the colony were non-separatists who came to Plymouth Colony for economic reasons. All of New England is recognized for their varying accents, but Bostonians are especially notorious. Pilgrim Hall Museum; Pilgrim and Puritan: A Delicate Distinction; Richard Howland Maxwell; March 2003, Religion and the Founding of the American Republic: America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century, Part 1, Religion and the Founding of the American Republic: America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century, Part 2, American Treasures of the Library of Congress: First Complete Bible Published in America. And in the end some discontent on his part, by occasion whereof he left them something ubruptly…But he is to be pitied and prayed for; and so I shall leave the matter and desire the Lord to show him his errors and reduce him into the way of truth and give him a settled judgment and constancy in the same, for I hope he belongs to the Lord, and that he will show him mercy.”. Rebecca is a freelance journalist and history lover who got her start in journalism working for small-town newspapers in Massachusetts and New Hampshire after she graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a B.A. The pilgrims of Plymouth Colony were religious separatists from the Church of England. The separatists were the saints and the non-separatists were the strangers. The primary religion of the New England colonies was the strict Puritan Christianity originally brought to the Massachusetts Bay colony by ships like the Mayflower, but as the colonies grew and changed, some of the colonists began to move away from that base. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The Puritans were part of the Reform movement and wanted to purify the Anglican Church of corruption. This friction is what prompted the pilgrims to draw up the Mayflower Compact as a way to unite the saints and strangers and keep the peace. They hoped to not only find the religious freedom they were seeking in North America but also hoped to be able to earn money by establishing a colony there that would harvest supplies and send them back to England to be sold. in journalism. Author Stephen Innes says in “Creating the Commonwealth” that restrictions on holidays created a calendar with more than 300 working days. He served as Plymouth’s pastor for a while but soon left when he felt that the pilgrims’ beliefs were not as pure as his own. Williams was disappointed by the pilgrims and left Plymouth after he was invited to become the pastor at a church in Salem, Mass. Massachusetts (/ ˌ m æ s ə ˈ tʃ uː s ɪ t s / (), /-z ɪ t s /), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. When the pilgrim’s Pastor Robinson remained in Holland and did not travel to Plymouth with the colonists, Brewster preached and taught the pilgrims in Plymouth. The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies in America. Colonial America - Lesson 2. One dissenter, former Puritan leader Roger Williams, went on to found Rhode Island after Massachusetts expelled him in 1636 for preaching in favor of tolerating other religions. Religion in the Virginia Colony mainly consisted of Anglican Christians. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Psalms were the only music allowed in service and the pilgrims customized them for their congregation, according to an article on Plimoth.org: “The versions of the Psalms used in Plymouth Colony came from Henry Ainsworth’s Psalter, in which he had ‘Englished’ the Psalms in prose and metre, and set them to livelier music than had been heard before. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... 41 terms. Records of the Court of Assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630-1692. The idea of a “city … The second, larger Puritan colony of Massachusetts Bay was conceived as a "city upon a hill." The Puritans however, combined their religious doctrine with their system of government. The colony was founded in 1630 by Puritans leaving England due to lack of religious freedom and in the hope of establishing a community devoted to their religion. They often drop the “r” sound after vowels, and the mocking phrase, “Pahk the cah in Hahvahd yahd” is used nationwide to imitate the unmistakable Boston accent. At first, Plymouth Colony’s government and its religion were only somewhat entwined but the colony slowly increased its legislation on religious duties and morals over time. There were also bills passed that required a fine of ten shillings or a whipping for anyone who profaned the Sabbath. This is what prompted the separatists to flee England for Leiden, Holland in 1607. Nan East began writing professionally in 1978 and worked as a reporter and editor for daily and weekly newspapers. Secondly, what was the main goal of the Puritans? So if you are big on fishing, sailing, or even the beach this would be the ideal place for you. Many significant events in America’s history took place in Massachusetts. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a Puritan theocracy and non Puritans like Quakers, Catholics (Papists) and others were banished from Boston and surrounding regions. They were Puritans and practiced their religion as they pleased. The only religious group that was not allowed in Georgia was Catholics. Through the early 1700s, religion gave Massachusetts colonists a common purpose that shaped their government and their daily lives. Outside of colonial Rhode Island, Puritanism was the dominant religion for all New England colonists. View all posts by Rebecca Beatrice Brooks. Abigail Williams: The Mysterious Afflicted Girl, Native Americans in the Revolutionary War. A new royal charter, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, merged the Bay Colony with Plymouth Colony and Maine Colony in 1691. Rebecca Beatrice Brooks is the author and publisher of the History of Massachusetts Blog. The non-separatists didn’t agree and when they refused to work on Christmas day and were found playing games in the street Governor William Bradford took their games away and stated: “that was against his conscience, that they should play and others work. New Jersey, like the other middle colonies, was a melting pot for religion and culture. Both Massachusetts colonies required attendance at Sunday services, and both treated marriage as a civil rite, not a church sacrament. Unlike the exodus of young men to the Chesapeake colonies, these migrants were families with young children and their university-trained ministers. Plymouth whipped and expelled Quakers instead of executing them, as Massachusetts did. Act of Surrender of the Great Charter of New England to His Majesty, 1635. They wanted to remove the ceremony and music. William Brewster had served as the Ruling Elder of the Pilgrim church since their early days in England and continued to serve in Plymouth Colony. The Puritans in Massachusetts Bay and the Separatists in Plymouth didn’t tolerate dissenters. They hoped to purify the Church of England, and then return to Europe with a new and improved religion. If they made the keeping of [Christmas] a matter of devotion, let them keep their houses; but there should be no gaming or reveling in the streets.”. A bill passed in 1650 made it a crime to slander a church or minister. They established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. The Puritans who founded Boston went down in history for strict laws about keeping the Sabbath, the scarlet letter for adultery and the Salem witch trials that closed out the 17th century. APUSH Period 1 and 2 Quiz Terms. The Church of England was the established church in Colonial Georgia. So too did views on the Native Americans who shared their land. Puritan. Edited by Charles Deane, Privately Printed, 1856. Their aim—according to John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts Bay—was to create a model of reformed Protestantism, a “city upon a hill,” a new English Israel. Yet, as radical as moving to the wilderness in search of religious freedom may seem, according to the Pilgrim Hall Museum Website, the Plymouth pilgrims were actually the least radical of the separatist movement: “Our Plymouth forebears were among the least radical of Separatist groups. Both colonies enacted strict laws on keeping the Sabbath and neither observed Christmas as a holiday. Ruling Elders were in charge of the government of the congregation but because they were not ordained ministers they could not deliver the sacraments. Some of the major rivers include the Charles, Merrimack and the Connecticut rivers. The Puritans went to Massachusetts for the sake of their own religious freedom. At that time, the Church and State were one in England and the act of separating from the Church of England was considered treasonous. In 1632, a preacher named Roger Williams came to Plymouth after leaving the Massachusetts Bay Colony due to disagreements over religious beliefs. The Salem Witch Trials Victims: Who Were They? Puritan is one answer -- but only one -- to the question of religion for Massachusetts in the 1600s. Start studying Massachusetts: A New England Colony. Amazingly, Harvard University was founded just six years later in 1636, making it the oldest college in America. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Other times that the saints and strangers quarreled due to their religious differences was during the Christmas holiday. Visit this site's About page to find out more about Rebecca. Georgia welcomed large groups of Puritans, Lutherans, and Quakers. In addition to this, Separatist principles at the time included a separation between church and state as well as, for the more radical pilgrims, a separation from all other religious communities. Puritans led strict religious lives, and dissenters were treated harshly. Bradford and Brewster had disagreed with Williams over many things such as William’s belief that it was wrong for a pastor to administer an oath to an “ungodly” man and his belief that the practice of infant baptism allowed people who were not chosen by God to enter the church. 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